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Understanding the Different Types of Fertility Medications

Making a conscious effort to meet the best infertility doctor in Hyderabad can help get over infertility. The best infertility doctor in Hyderabad is well-informed about infertility problems and provides reliable treatment.

Fertility medications also referred to as fertility drugs, are medications which do enhance reproductive fertility. For women, fertility medication is made use of to stimulate follicle development of the ovary. The best infertility doctor in Hyderabad can be consulted for the best results.

Types of Fertility Medications

Fertility Medications are made used as a regular and normal part of infertility treatments and the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure. A reproductive specialist decides upon the most appropriate medications.

The Following Medications are used for Ovarian Stimulation

Clomiphene citrate (CC)

There are two types of medications, Clomid, and Serophene. These medications do work by increasing the amount of FSH the pituitary gland secretes. These are in fact often used to stimulate ovulation in women who have absent periods, infrequent periods, or perhaps long cycles.  Ovarian cysts and pelvic discomfort from overstimulation of the ovaries

Synthetic Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)

Intramuscular injections are made used to trigger ovulation. It is often used when other medications have been taken to induce ovulation.

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

The injection is given just under the skin (subcutaneous injection) that bypasses the hypothalamus as well as pituitary glands to directly stimulate follicle growth in the ovaries.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropins (HMG)

An injection that does contain equal parts of FSH and LH (luteinizing hormone), is given to stimulate the ovaries in order to produce multiple eggs during one cycle.

Common HMG medications include:
  • Menopur
  • Repronex

Thus, these are the most potent ovulation medications presently in use.

Bromocriptine and Cabergoline

Oral medications made used to reduce the amount of prolactin released by the pituitary. The brand name for bromocriptine is Parlodel and the brand name for cabergoline happens to be Dostinex. Potential side effects include:

  • Nausea, vomiting, nasal congestion
  • A headache, dizziness, fainting
  • Decreased blood pressure

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH)

An injection is meant to stimulate the pituitary gland to secrete LH and FSH. Common names for GnRH medications do include Factrel and Lutrepulse.

The Following Medications are used to Prevent Premature Ovulation
GnRH Agonists (Analogs)

There are two types of medications. Lupron and Zoladex which are injections given below the skin and Synarel is a nasal spray. These medications are used to enable the body to produce a higher number of quality eggs. These medications are also designed to prevent the mid-cycle hormonal surge which can result in a canceled cycle.

GnRH Antagonists

These medications, Ganirelix Acetate, and Cetrotide are injections that are administered for three to four days and act as antagonists of the gonadotropin, thus causing the hormone (GnRH) to be released in order to help prevent premature ovulation. Potential side effects are similar to GnRH.

Understanding the Different Types of Fertility Medications

Other Medications Used to Enhance Fertility Treatments


This is a steroid taken daily for four days during the cycle in order to assist with pre-embryo implantation.


An oral antibiotic does provide to the male partner during the female’s stimulation cycle to reduce the levels of bacteria that may be found in semen. This medication is also given to the female partner in order to decrease the risk of infection after aspiration of the follicles at the time of egg retrieval.


Intramuscular injections are given daily beginning two days after retrieval as well as finishing when the placenta is creating appropriate amounts of Progesterone. Progesterone can also be administered via a vaginal gel, suppository, or in pill.

Fertility Supplements

Several couples do opt for natural, non-prescription fertility supplements containing vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and/or herbs in order to help improve their reproductive health.


The best infertility specialist in Hyderabad knows it all.





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