Reproductive medicine is indeed constantly evolving to improve its success rates. Since the first IVF in 1978, where the egg was fertilized with the sperm in-vitro and then the embryo is transferred to the uterus, millions of parents have welcomed babies using the technology. Here are some technical advances that increase chances of conception.
Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening (PGS):
Going by tradition doctors did select embryos based upon their appearances. However, even top-rated embryos do have chromosomal abnormalities thus resulting in implantation failures. PGS screens embryos that are rather developmentally as well as chromosomally competent, usually genetically normal embryos which are transferred thus increasing the chances of implantation and also reducing miscarriage rates by about half. PGS has been referred to couples who facing failures with IVF/ICSI cycles and women with repeated miscarriages.
Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD):
This does help couples with genetic diseases such as Thalassemia, Spinal muscular dystrophy etc., to have their embryos screened to identify normal embryos without disorders and have them transferred, thus reducing odds of transmitting diseases to their respective children.
IVM (Maturing Immature Eggs in the Lab):
For women with thrombosis or even cancer, IVF/ICSI is not really suitable as hormones are not safe. For these women, IVM is a boon, as either no or even minimal hormones are given. While eggs are still immature they are retrieved and matured in the lab with special techniques before transferring. It is a safe procedure that eliminates the risk factors for IVF.
Freezing eggs and embryos:
Freezing eggs, as well as embryos, is indeed a standard option for infertility treatments. Women who do wish to delay pregnancy and are even conscious of their advancing age and also lowering chances of pregnancy can also freeze their eggs. This also benefits women diagnosed with cancer as after treatment there is a risk of infertility.
Despite developments in IVF, those seeking fertility counseling earlier is better, as women are born with all the eggs they will ever produce, but this supply does dwindle with age. Effective treatment programs are indeed available for conditions including repeated miscarriages, ovulatory dysfunctions, endometriosis, immunological infertility as well as more. The experts work closely with couples thus offering various assisted fertility treatments and also customizing the approach to suit the patients.
In clinics, world-class facilities are provided for such treatment and also have a team of qualified and experienced doctors and a caring management staff.
There does come a point in the life of every married couple whereby they do decide to expand their family and also welcome a new member. Having a baby is surely a delight and a feeling which cannot be expressed in words.
Many couples fail to enjoy this bliss on account of certain medical factors and also some unknown reasons.
Earlier, there was no solution for the infertile couples who yearned for a child. But with the advancement of medical science and technology, nowadays they are various options that can help them fulfill this desire.
IVF is described as a boon for infertility. IVF means In Vitro Fertilization and is a form of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).
It is a medical process that is being practiced in every corner of the globe, thus helping several childless couples to have children.
IVF is much different from the conventional means of artificial insemination wherein the sperm is indeed placed in the uterus and conception that takes place normally. IVF process does combine the eggs and sperm outside in a laboratory to form an embryo or embryos. Once the embryo is ready, it is indeed placed in the uterus. IVF is often the last option for couples who are trying to conceive naturally for a long time, without any success.
Infertility Causes that IVF Can Treat
Infertility can be the problem with either of the couple and in some of the couples; the problem can arise from both. There are several reasons which cause infertility which can be treated with IVF such as
• Low sperm counts
• Ovulation problem
• Antibody problems which harm sperm or eggs
• Issues with the uterus or fallopian tubes
• Sperm’s inability to penetrate or even sustain in the cervical mucus
• An unidentified fertility issue.
As mentioned above, IVF is not the first option for treating infertility. One can go in for fertility drugs, artificial insemination, and surgery as well before considering IVF.